Global Enviornmental Youth Convention Year 2000
The “Global Enviornmental Youth Convention Year 2000” was a worldwide environmental project run by the International Institute for Industrial Enviornmental Economics at Lund University, located in southern Sweden, together with Caretakers of the Environment International. H.M King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden was the project’s patron.
This type of project was unique. Four hundred young adults and 100 teachers were part of the project. There were on average five participants from each country. The participants were trained through distance learning in preventive enviornemtnal strategies and then tooe part in a five-day convention in Lund in June 2000. A two member delegation consisting of Mr. Rakesh Gaur, President, Udisha and Ms. Omita Paul attended the Convention.
The overriding aim of the GEYC project was to create a worldwide network of young people. Through this they were be able to share and spread their knowledge of preventive environmental strategies both locally and globally. They did this up to the time of the convention. But after the five days in Lund, the network really began to expand.
After the distance learning and convention, the real work began. The paricipants shared their knowledge and experience in their home countries. The idea was that the Young Masters took material and ideas home with them that can, for example, be submitted to their country’s government or parliament. The vision is that the participants, supported by their teachers and mentors, will give lectures in schools and influence local politicians so that they adopt the right attitude towards preventive environmental strategies.
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL YOUTH CONVENTION 2000 PROGRAM
CONVENTION PROGRAM JUNE 15th -19th
June15th to 16th – Sharing our Future The first two days of the convention in Sweden were arranged under the theme of Sharing Our Future. The aim is to 1) create a platform for dialogues between students, business-representatives, politicians and experts 2) as well as through different activities (the workshops) give the students a sense of empowerment and the tools, self-confidence ,and motivation needed to interact with the government, industry and other organizations in their home countries.
These days offered two different kinds of activities for the delegates, the compulsory presentation of their project work and the voluntary workshops. So when the delegates were not attending their project work rapport, they were engaged in a workshop.
The Opening Ceremony The Swedish King was present to launch the ceremony, “Our Uniting Water Ceremony”. The ceremony was a unique opportunity for the students to unite their concern for the world’s water. Since first initiated by the Globetree Association in 1992, Our Uniting Water Ceremony has become an appreciated event on major global meetings all over the world.
June 17th – Wildlife Day The third day of the convention was “Wildlife Day” some 40 km north of Lund in the municipality of Höör. The aim of the day was to give the delegates an experience of the Swedish natural landscape and at the same time allowed them to aquire information about the Swedish fauna, forestry, conservation program, environmental work and wildlife.
June 18th Water, Waste and Vikings This day was spent in the municipality of Vellinge, situated approximately 30 km south of Lund. Some of the most beautiful beaches are found within this municipality, in an area called Skanör-Falsterbo. This particular part of southern Sweden is not only beautiful, but also interesting from a cultural, historical and environmental perspective.
June 19th Eco-Efficiency On the last day of the convention we were in the municipality of Malmö. Here the main activity was to involve the students in a ceremony at an “Eco-Efficiency” conference, attended by politicians and representatives from industry.
June 19th The Young Masters graduation ceremony The final activity of the convention was the graduation ceremony with the pomp and circumstance worthy a grand finale. On this occasion the students were handed over their diplomas, the official document that dub them as environmental ambassadors
Global Environmental Youth Convention-2002
The Second Global Environmental Youth Convention-2002 was organised at Turin, Italy recently.the main aim of the convention was to initiate a World wide network for youth, a global Intelligence Network and through it spread knowledge on sustain Mobility, locally and globally. The theme of this year’s convention was Sustainable Mobility and Information & communication Technology.
Youth in the age group of 14-17 years together with a teacher from approximately 50 countries. presented 81 projects in the convention. UDISHA, a NGO participated in this event and selected two delegations consisting of one teacher and Two students each, who are interested and motivated in environmental issues.
“Dream for a better world and be determined in making those dreams come true.”-Prof. Lulsa Viglietta, Organiser, GEYC-2002. “Environmental problems are first and foremost social problems, that is problems affecting everyone. and so, solutions to these problems must be sought with the cooperation of all parties concerned in the political world, industries and users.”-Mr.Cavellera, Member of Govt.of Piedmont Region, Turin, Italy.
The above statements are the extracts taken from the newsletters Published by Global Youth Reporters during GEYC-2002.
Conscious of the challenges posed by environmental problems and Realizing the need to educate the youth about the preventive Environmental strategies, UDISHA from New Delhi, India selected Two delegations for GEYC-2002.
Ms. Smriti Tiwari, Naval Public School, Chanakyapuri and Ms Sapna Aggarwal, Central school, R.K.Puram prepared the project-
“Road Safety scenario in Delhi, the Capital of India and ways and means to improve it”. under the guidance of a teacher Ms. Rita Tiwari.
Another Project was titled-
“Eco-friendly transport system for Delhi, Capital of India. which was prepared under the guidance of Ms. Gayatri Gaur by Master Ashish kaushik, Sarvodaya Vidyalaya, Saket and Master Manvinder Singh, St. Andrews Scots Senior Secondary School, I.P.Extn.These Students got instructions form trainer/resource persons on Internet.
both the delegations have returned from Turin, Italy after Successfully presenting their projects in the convention. They have Presented the project reports and suggestions to the government and other concerned authorities along with the proceedings of the convention. The highly motivated students are now young ambassadors for sustainable mobility and preventive environmental strategies. Each of these students will continue environmental activities in his/her school and speak to other neighboring schools about the knowledge gained through the projects.
The teachers and youth delegates have made friends from all over the world. Unaffected by some conflicts with our neighboring country, Pakistan,the delegates from Pakistan got so much mixed up with the Indian delegates that they spent most of their time together and are still in touch as good friends in the true spirit of such conventions.
Ms. Gayatri Gaur, teacher of one of the delegations recited to verses from ancient Indian Scriptures which translated in English are as- “This is mine,that is another’s so think the man of small vision to the man of broad vision,the whole universe is a family” and “O Almighty God! May the whole universe, the medicines, vegetation, trees and plants bestow peace and happiness upon us.O lord! let the whole universe be peaceful and happy.”
The spirit of GEYC is also to make efforts to make the world a peaceful and better place to live.
A surprise inclusion in the delegation was a very young boy aged 7 years,Raghav.He initially wanted to accompany his mother but on reaching Turin became so much involved and active in the proceedings of the convention that he was treated as the youngest delegate.He recited a poem on pollution during project presentation and sang a song in the cultural evening.
Mr.Arjen wals,the outgoing President,CEI gave advice to raghav in the following words,”Live your life as if you may die tommorow,but care for the earth as if you may live forever!”
Mr.Cris leibner, trainer, group leader for the theme-Transportation for liveable cities, expressed his views-“Raghav,Thank you for helping with our group.You are a very good speaker.may be someday you will be able to go to other Caretaker meetings too.”
UDISHA is looking forward to forthcoming events of CEI and rededicates itself to the cause of sustainable development and environment.
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL YOUTH CONVENTION 2002 PROJECT
Automobiles and the Environment
Means of transport specially automobiles affect the environment in many ways.Impacts begin when a vehicle is manufactured (including the production of all the parts and materials that go into the car) and end with its scrap page in a junkyard (which can recycle many parts but also involves the disposal of many wastes).Over the life of an average motor vehicle,however,much of the environmental damage occurs during driving and is greatly associated with fuel consumption (nearly 90 percent).
Nearly all of today’s automobiles use petrol and gasoline; a lesser number use diesel fuel.In some areas,various alternatives are being introduced,but these are not widely available for most drivers.When petrol and gasoline,diesel,or other fuels are burned in automobile engines,they cause environmental damage and are poisonous to human, plants,and animals.
The following details show the amounts of major air pollutants caused by the automotive vehicle :
Particulate Matter (PM)
Fine airborne particles are an established cause of lung problems,from shortness of breath to worsening of respiratory and cardiovascular disease,damage to lung tissues,and cancer.Transportation sources account for about 20 percent of directly emitted PM25.Diesel engines are the major source of direct PM emissions from motor vehicles. Although most such emissions come from heavy trucks and diesel buses even the smaller diesel engines in some cars and light trucks emit significant accounts of fine PM.
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
NOx refers mainly to two chemicals,nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2),that are formed when nitrogen gas ,which comprises 78 Percent of air ,reacts with oxygen during the high temperature that occur during fuel combustion.NOx is truely a noxious pollutant in many ways.It is directly hazardous,an irritant to the lung that can aggravate respiratory problems.Motor vehicles account for about one-third on nationwide NOx emissions.
Sulfur Dioxides (SOx)
Petrol,Gasoline and diesel fuels also contain varying amounts of sulfur ,which burns in the engine to produce sulfur dioxide (SO2).This gaseous chemical is another source of secondary particulate formation, and is itself a lung irritant well as a cause of acid rain because vehicles using petrol and gasoline numerous ,they are major cause of SO2 pollution.
Hydrocarbons are a board class of chemicals containing carbon and Hydrogen.These compounds can be directly irritating to the lungs and other tissues and they can also cause cancer,contribute to birth defects,and cause other illnesses.Petrol and Gasoline vapor contains a mix of Hydrocarbons.Overall transportation is responsible for about 40 percent of man-made HC emissions in India.
Ozone : Helpful in the Stratosphere,But harmful in the Air we breathe
Ozone (O3) is a highly reactive form of oxygen that occurs naturally in various parts of the atmosphere but gets artificially produced in dangerously high concentrations due to emissions from cars, trucks, and other combustion sources.Up in the stratosphere,ozone helps protect us from ultraviolet radiation.Down in the lower atmosphere, in the air that we breathe, ozone is a health hazard .Inhaling air polluted by ozone damages the lungs,reduces breathing ability, and makes us more susceptible to other respiratory problems.Although cars and trucks do not directly emit ozone,they area major cause of ozone smog.They add to the amount of HC in the air,and tailpipe NOx reacts with HC to form ozone.
Toxic releases are just that-any number of a wide range of chemicals that can cause cancer,birth defects,cardivascular,respiratory and Neurological damage ,or other forms of health harm.Vehicles also emit Toxics in use, due to fuel evaporation while pumping gas and while a car sits in sun,for example,as well as from the tailpipe.Diesel exhaust,in particular ,has been implicated as a harmful toxic release.
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Carbon Monoxide is an odorless, colorless, but potentially deadly gas that is created by the in complete combustion of any carbon containing fuel,including gasoline and diesel.When inhaled,CO combines with the hemoglobin in our blood, impairing the flow of oxygen to our brain and other parts of the body. Large amounts of CO are produced when a vehicle first starts up and its engine is cold.Poorly designed and malfunctioning engines and emission c control systems are also responsible for excess CO pollution.Motor vehicles are responsible for about 60 percent of CO emissions nationwide.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
The use of combusted fuel-powered automobiles have increased the CO2 in the atmosphere and lead to global warming .The risks of global warming are many.human health is threatened by more frequent and severe heat waves and the spread of tropical diseases. Lives can be lost because of rising sea levels and more severe storms,which can also be damaged regional and national economies. The disruptions to climate are unpredictable but certainly risky. While some areas may see greater coastal flooding and inundating rains ,other regions may experience droughts.Both agriculture and natural habitats can be harmed. Future generations will bear the burnt of these risks,but the effects of global warming have already been detected.Although we cannot attribute any given event to climate change,the increased risks have created a call for action to curtail CO2 emissions around the world.
In the light of above mention facts about vehicle pollution,there is a need of taking urgent steps in this direction to address this grave problem.Since we are resident of delhi,here we have discussed the required step to provide Eco-friendly transport mobility for Delhi.
Delhi is the capital of india.The population is now reaching 1 crore, The need for the means of transport is increasing day by day.The number of vehicles have increased incredibly during past 3-4 years. This resulted in big traffic jams at many place.
Following steps have been taken to improve the Eco-friendly transport Mobility in Delhi :
1.Stricter emission norms : Euro II emissions norms are being compulsory by the government for passenger cars .This shall be further strengthen by more stringent emission norms of Euro III.Moreover all other vehicles should also be covered under this norm.
2.Introduction of CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) : Use of this fuel has reduced the pollution in the atmosphere.However low availability of CNG fuel has adverse effect on pollution control. Further number of vehicles using this fuel are also limited. Step should be taken to increase the facilities.
3.Use of sulfur free petrol : This has resulted in great reduction of Pollution level in Delhi especially due to reduction of sulfur di-oxide chemicals in the air.
4.Use of battery powered vehicle : Government is encouraging use of battery powered vehicle such as RTV and Fat Fat Seva.Solar vehicles should also be used to reduce pollution in Delhi.For this liberal loans should be given the persons who want to acquire them.
5.Metro Rail : Construction of Metro Rail in Delhi is under full swing. This is basically electric powered train available for the use of public at large.This will not only reduce the number of vehicles on road thus reducing pollution but will also facilitate comfortable journey to passengers.
6.Education,Training Camps,T.V. Programs, Exhibition,etc. : From time to time such activities are being carried out in Delhi to increase the awareness in public about hazardous effect of pollution caused from emission from the vehicles.
7.Sharing of Vehicle : Sharing of Vehicle is a good method for reducing pollution because lower number of vehicles will come out on the road,thereby saving precious fuel as well as causing less pollution. For this use of public transport system should also be encouraged instead of using single vehicle by each individual.
8.Use of orthodox/non fuel vehicles : Use of bi-cycle,cycle-rickshaw,tanga,etc. for small distances will also helps in reducing pollution.Small distances may also be covered by walk for the cause of reducing pollution.
9.Construction of Flyovers :Construction of flyovers not only reduces traffic jams but will also lower the emission of dangerous gases in the air produced due to recurring restart and changing of gears of the vehicles.
Besides above major steps some small measures like improvement in quality of petrol and diesel,increasing fuel efficient and lighter vehicles on roads, construction of better and smooth roads,aboilition of slow moving vehicles on highways,fewer red light,etc. will contribute greatly to the cause of Eco-friendly transport mobility in Delhi.
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL YOUTH CONVENTION (GEYC)-2006, DUBAI
by Arpit Gupta Student Delegate India-7 Delhi, India
On behalf of UDISHA/India, I would like to share my experience of GEYC 2007. There were three teams from India for the GEYC-2007 this year held in Dubai. The group represented UDISHA, a NCO which has been actively participating in the GEYC for the past four years, was India-7. The group’s mentor was Mr. Rakesh Guar, the President of UDISHA, who could not attend the convention but guided us throughout. There were three teachers with us, Mrs. Shashi Jindal, Mrs. Anupama Gupta and Mrs. Ritu Jindal. The three students of this group were, Prateek, (Class IX, Delhi Public School Faridabad), Sonali Aggarwal (Class IX, Amity International School, Nolda) and Arpit Gupta (Class VIII, Delhi Public School RK Puram). All the members of India-7 visited this convention for the first time. There were over 700 student and teacher Delegates from over 48 countries. This proves that this convention must be having some big aim or else why would 700 people come here from all over the world? The topic given to India-7 was Poverty Alleviation. There were many delegations in this group; Jordan, Russia, Turkey, Portugal and UAE. All these countries were supposed to prepare a presentation on the status of Poverty in their country and how was it being reduced. The project of India-7 was “Poverty Alleviation through Employment Generation”. The project presentation of India-7 focused on what the government is doing in our country for poverty alleviation. The project was presented in quite a nice way and everyone appreciated it. The projects of other countries were also creative. Fore example, Portugal-8 had opened a Food Bank from where they distributed food to the poor people in their locality. As there were 48 countries altogether, there were quite a lot of people to interact with. For this purpose, workshops conducted so that people could interact more with each other and present their opinions. In the group of Poverty, the delegates discussed the ways and means of reducing poverty. There were lectures held every day on environmental topics. Every night, a special function was organized depicting the culture of Dubai. One of the very special features of this convention was the stone ceremony. Each country brought a stone from their land and kept them together in a row on the stage. This function was symbolic of the unification of the countries of the world to protect the environment and to make this world a better place to live. GEYC 2006 was another milestone in the efforts of IIIEE, Lund University, Caretakers of the Environment, Dubai Municipality and all other organizers that make the environment and the earth a better place to live. Our heartfelt thanks to the organizers for the convention held in a very professional manner and each and every delegate felt quite at home.